Contraceptives are created with a single goal – to protect against the consequences of sexual intercourse, whether it is an unwanted pregnancy or a sexually transmitted disease. At the beginning of the 20th century, the world used only barrier contraceptives, which directly prevented the penetration of sperm into the uterine mucosa. The most famous, ancient, and at the same time, popular modern contraceptive is a condom. Invented in Italy, back in the 16th century to protect against syphilis, the condom, slightly modified, still retained the right to be the only male method of contraception.
So, consider the main modern methods of contraception.
One of the modern methods of contraception is an analogue of the male condom. The cervical cap covers the cervix, the upper part of the vagina and the vaults, interlocking with the cervix itself. The inconvenience of this method lies in the need to introduce it before each sexual intercourse, but the cap can be used during lactation, because it does not affect the hormonal background in any way.
Easy-to-use modern form of contraception. The diaphragm consists of a ring with a metal spring in the middle, which ensures the fixation of the uterus. This tool is selected by the gynecologist individually according to size. The diaphragm should be put on before each sexual intercourse, having previously lubricated it with a spermicidal gel that destroys spermatozoa. This method can be used during lactation, but not during menstruation.
It is a sphere flattened on one side for attachment to the cervix. The sponge also contains spermicides, it must be put on the day before sexual intercourse and left inside for 30 hours.
A modern contraceptive drug that combines barrier and hormonal protection. It is administered orally on its own into the vagina and contains the composition of female sex hormones, just like oral contraceptives, only at a lower dosage. Due to this, negative consequences are rarer, and the ring itself is made of hypoallergenic material. The ring is inserted for three weeks, then it is removed and a new one is inserted after 7 days. The only negative is that the ring can fall out if you install it incorrectly.
As the abundance of female contraceptives shows, protection from the consequences is the lot of women. Therefore, it is worth taking care in advance about choosing the most appropriate method of protection.
List of contraceptive drugs:
- Pharmatex vaginal tampons.
- contraceptive T.
- Pantex Oval N.
- Evra TDTS patch-contraceptive.
- Spiral in / uterine Multiload.
- Spiral in / uterine Mirena.
- Climara patches.
- Pharmatex vaginal cream.
- NovaRing vaginal ring.
- Spiral in / uterine Nova-T with copper.
- The sponge is hemostatic.