To date, it is hormonal methods of contraception that are considered the most effective and reliable. Fortunately, the first generation of pills, which made serious changes in the hormonal system and led to excess weight, are already behind us. Now hormonal remedies are more and more safe and varied. However, they still have a large list of side effects.
Types of hormonal contraception
Speaking about what types of hormonal contraceptives exist, it should be noted that now there is really a rich choice.
So, what is modern hormonal contraception?
- Tablets. There are combined oral contraceptives and mini-pills. After examination and analysis, they are prescribed by a doctor, since there are a large number of such drugs. You need to take pills every day, sometimes with breaks for a week. Reliability – 99%.
- Injections. For them, the drugs “Net-En”, “Depo-Provera” are used. Injections are made once every 2-3 months. The method is only suitable for women over 35 who have given birth. Reliability – 96.5-97%.
- Ring “NovaRing”. The ring is inserted into the vagina and changed once a month, without causing discomfort to either the woman or the partner. Reliability – 99%.
- Plaster “Evra”. The patch is attached to one of the possible zones and changed once a week. Effective for women from 18 to 45 years. Contraindicated in active smokers over 35 years of age. Reliability – 99.4%.
The principle of action for all of them is the same: they prevent the maturation and release of the egg, which makes conception impossible.
emergency hormonal contraception
There are post-coital pills that are designed for emergency use if, for example, a condom breaks. These funds prevent the maturation of the egg and its attachment to the uterine cavity, if it is already ripe and fertilized.
All drugs of this series greatly spoil the hormonal background, cause complications. It is strictly forbidden to use them regularly, because they are dangerous to the body. Reliability means - 97%.
Hormonal contraception: contraindications
There are a large number of cases with a list of which it is undesirable to use hormonal contraceptives. Pay attention to the list of absolute contraindications:
- pregnancy and lactation in the first 6 weeks after childbirth;
- smoking over the age of 35;
- BP 180/110 mm Hg and above;
- vascular and heart diseases;
- diabetes mellitus with complications or lasting more than 20 years;
This should be taken seriously, because interference with the hormonal background can disrupt the work of various body systems.